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Benvenuti / Welcome to

Itri


Fondi was also a town of some importance during the Middle Ages and belonged to the Kingdom of Naples.  In 1140 Fondi was controlled by the Dell'Aquila family who were of  Norman  origin.  In 1299  the town came into the possession of the Caetani family,  a duchy that lasted for two centuries until the dukedom was taken over by the Colonna family.

Fondi Giuglia Conganza Colonna

Fondi Suleiman The Great

Vespasiano Colonna married the 14 year old Italian noblewoman named Giulia Gonganza, but the marriage was short lived as Vespasiano died just a few years later. The widowed Giulia went on to reign in her own right and surrounded herself with scholars, artists and poets. During this period Fondi became a vibrant centre of the arts and culture.  

However in 1534 Fondi was invaded by the Saracens.  Giulia was famed for her beauty and the notorious pirate Khayr al-Din (better known as “Red Beard” or “Barbarossa”) attempted to abduct her and take her back as a prize for the sultan Suleiman The Great.  Fortunately Giulia was able to make her escape. The enraged “Barbarossa” took his revenge by sacking Fondi and massacring many of its inhabitants.  Fondi was attacked once again by the Saracens in 1594 and from this point the town began to fall into decline.

Fondi was surrounded by stagnant marshes which became malaria infested. The town was plagued by a terrible epidemic in 1633 which further took its toll on the local population.



In the ancient centre of Fondi stands the imposing Baronial castle, a fortress with cylindrical towers and  formidable city walls.  The fortress was built in the 14th century by Onorato Caetani over some of the existing Roman walls.  Today the castle houses the Civic Museum which holds some interesting artefacts.


The Castle of Fondi in Latina  South Lazio Italy Towers of the Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Towers of the Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Tower of the Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Castle of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy

Closeby is the Caetani Palazzo del Principe ("Prince's Palace") which was constructed between 1466 and 1477  and has a passageway connecting it with the castle.

Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Window of Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Window of Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Caetani Princes Palace or Palazzo del Principe of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Old Town Walls of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy Tower and Town Walls of Fondi in Latina South Lazio Italy

Medieval Fondi was also protected by high city walls and watch towers.  These were were built over the original Cyclopean and Roman foundations and had a perimeter of 1,600 meters.  Many of the town’s ancient walls have stood the test of time and are still much in evidence today.

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